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Limits in Batch Apex

Knowledge Article Number 000176644

Apex runs in a multi-tenant environment, the Apex run time engine strictly enforces a number of limits to ensure that runaway Apex does not monopolize shared resources. These limits, or governors, track and enforce the statistics outlined in the following table. If some Apex code ever exceeds a limit, the associated governor issues a run time exception that cannot be handled.


Governor limits apply to an entire organization, as well as to specific namespaces.

Batch Apex Governor Limits

  • Up to five queued or active batch jobs are allowed for Apex.
  • A user can have up to 50 query cursors open at a time. For example, if 50 cursors are open and a client application still logged in as the same user attempts to open a new one, the oldest of the 50 cursors is released. Note that this limit is different for the batch Apexstart method, which can have up to five query cursors open at a time per user. The other batch Apex methods have the higher limit of 50 cursors.
  • Cursor limits for different features are tracked separately. For example, you can have 50 Apex query cursors, 50 batch cursors, and 50 Visualforce cursors open at the same time.
  • A maximum of 50 million records can be returned in the Database.QueryLocator object. If more than 50 million records are returned, the batch job is immediately terminated and marked as Failed.
  • If the start method returns a QueryLocator, the optional scope parameter of Database.executeBatch can have a maximum value of 2,000. If set to a higher value, Salesforce chunks the records returned by the QueryLocator into smaller batches of up to 2,000 records. If the start method returns an iterable, the scope parameter value has no upper limit; however, if you use a very high number, you may run into other limits.
  • If no size is specified with the optional scope parameter of Database.executeBatch, Salesforce chunks the records returned by the start method into batches of 200, and then passes each batch to the execute method.Apex governor limits are reset for each execution of execute.
  • The start, execute, and finish methods can implement up to 10 callouts each.
  • Batch executions are limited to 10 callouts per method execution.
  • The maximum number of batch executions is 250,000 per 24 hours.
  • Only one batch Apex job's start method can run at a time in an organization. Batch jobs that haven’t started yet remain in the queue until they're started. Note that this limit doesn’t cause any batch job to fail and execute methods of batch Apex jobs still run in parallel if more than one job is running.

For more information on Execution Governors and Limits please see:

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